wang@sep.stanford.edu, shan@sep.stanford.edu

## ABSTRACTUnder operator, matrix and inverse theory, seismic-wave imaging can be considered a unified process-mapping from data space to model space. The main topics in seismic-wave imaging include (1) seismic-data interpolation, regularization and redatuming, which mainly decrease the imaging noise; (2) seismic-wave illumination analysis, which predicts whether a target reflector can be imaged and evaluates the suitability of an acquisition configuration in the case of rugged topography and severe lateral velocity variations; and (3) seismic-wave migration/inversion imaging algorithms, which give an imaging result with the help of a wave propagator, known a macro-velocity model. The last and most important thing is to build an accurate macro-velocity model. All of the processes can be considered with the conjugate operator/matrix under least-squares theory. In this article, we review the following topics: (1) expression of data space and model space; (2) affiliation between data space and model space; (3) seismic-data preprocessing; (4) seismic-data illumination; (5) migration imaging and inversion imaging as least-squares inverse problems; (6) amplitude-preserving migration imaging with wavefield extrapolation; (7) migration velocity analysis and inversion and (8) some related topics. We express the imaging process with the operator or matrix theory and give some directions for further research. |

- Introduction
- Expression of Data space and Model space
- relationship between data space and model space
- Seismic data preprocessing
- Seismic wave illumination analysis
- migration imaging and inversion imaging as a least-squares problem
- Relationship between wavefield-extrapolation imaging and inverse imaging
- Related topics
- Migration velocity analysis/inversion
- discussion and conclusion
- Acknowledgement
- REFERENCES
- About this document ...

5/3/2005