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# Spectral factorization

As we will see,
there is an infinite number of time functions with any given spectrum.
Spectral factorization is a method of finding the one time
function which is also minimum phase.
The minimum-phase function has many uses.
It, and it alone, may be used for feedback filtering.
It will arise frequently in wave propagation problems of later chapters.
It arises in the theory of prediction and regulation for the given spectrum.
We will further
see that it has its energy squeezed up as close as possible to *t* = 0.
It
determines the minimum amount of dispersion in viscous wave propagation which
is implied by causality.
It finds application in two-dimensional potential theory
where a vector field magnitude is observed
and the components are to be inferred.
This chapter contains four computationally distinct methods of computing
the minimum-phase wavelet from a given spectrum.
Being distinct, they offer separate insights
into the meaning of spectral factorization and minimum phase.

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Stanford Exploration Project

10/30/1997