Data should be sampled at more than two points per wavelength. Otherwise the wave arrival direction becomes ambiguous. Figure 10 shows synthetic data that is sampled with insufficient density along the x-axis.
Figure 10 Insufficient spatial sampling of synthetic data. To better perceive the ambiguity of arrival angle, view the figures at a grazing angle from the side.
You can see that the problem becomes more acute at high frequencies and steep dips.
There is no generally-accepted, automatic method for migrating spatially aliased data. In such cases, human beings may do better than machines, because of their skill in recognizing true slopes. When the data is adequately sampled however, computer migrations give better results than manual methods.