I present a method to implement equations -. First, I describe the method and then illustrate it with a simple synthetic example. Throughout this section, I will refer to two different methods: first, the conventional method, and second, the proposed method. The conventional method consists of the transformation from SODCIGs into ADCIGs as in the single-mode case Sava and Fomel (2003). Figure presents the flow chart for the proposed method.
The flow in Figure presents the basic steps to implement and obtain the true angle-domain common-image gathers for converted-wave data (PS-ADCIGs). First, I use the final image, , to obtain two main pieces of information: first, the pseudo-opening angle gathers, , using for example, the Fourier-domain approach Sava and Fomel (2003); second, the estimated image dip, , using plane-wave destructors Fomel (2002). For the second step, I combine and together with the -field using equation to obtain true converted-wave angle-domain common-image gathers. Finally, I map these PS angle-domain common-image gathers into both the P-ADCIGs and the S-ADCIGs through equations and , respectively.
A simple synthetic example illustrates the flow in Figure . The synthetic dataset consists of a single shot experiment over a dipping layer. Panel (a) on Figure shows the shot gather; observe that the top of the hyperbola is not at zero offset because of the reflector dip, and the polarity flip does not happen at the top of the hyperbola. Panel (b) shows the image of the single shot gather, which represents in the flow chart of Figure . The solid line in panel (b) represents the location for the CIG in study.
For this experiment the shot location is at 500 m, with the common image gather at 1000 m, and the geometry given for the reflector, the half aperture angle should be . This corresponds to a value of , that is represented with a solid line on both common image gathers at the bottom of Figure .
The angle-domain common-image gather in panel (c) of Figure was obtained with the conventional method. Observe that the angle obtained is not the correct one. This ADCIG represents the tangent of the pseudo-opening angle, ,of flow . The ADCIG in panel (c) combined with the dip information, ,and the -field, results in the true PS-ADCIG. Panel (d) presents the result of this process. Notice the angle in the true PS-ADCIG coincides with the correct angle.
The last step for the flow chart in Figure correspond to map the true PS-ADCIG into both a P-ADCIG and an S-ADCIG, each one corresponding to the P-incidence () and S-reflection () angles, respectively. Figure shows the result for this transformation. Panel (a) is the same image for the single shot gather on a dipping layer. Panel (b) is the corresponding true PS-ADCIG, which is taken at the location marked in the image. Panels (c) and (d) present the PS-ADCIG map into both the P-ADCIG and the S-ADCIG, respectively. Both angle gathers are obtained using equations and respectively.
As in the previous experiment, the computed value for the P-incidence angle is , which corresponds to . The computed value for the S-reflection angle is , which corresponds to . Both of these values are represented by the solid lines in each of the three angle-domain common-image gathers on Figure .