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The quarterdome 3-D synthetic (qdome)

quarterdome 3-D synthetic (qdome) qdome Figure  used a model called Sigmoid.'' Using the same modeling concepts, I set out to make a three-dimensional model. The model has horizontal layers near the top, a Gaussian appearance in the middle, and dipping layers on the bottom, with horizontal unconformities between the three regions. Figure  shows a vertical slice through the 3-D qdome'' model and components of its LOMOPLAN. There is also a fault that will be described later.

qdomesico90
Figure 8
Left is a vertical slice through the 3-D qdome'' model. Center is the in-line component of the LOMOPLAN. Right is the cross-line component of the LOMOPLAN.

The most interesting part of the qdome model is the Gaussian center. I started from the equation of a Gaussian
 (3)
and backsolved for t
 (4)
Then I used a random-number generator to make a blocky one-dimensional impedance function of t. At each (x,y,z) location in the model I used the impedance at time t(x,y,z), and finally defined reflectivity as the logarithmic derivative of the impedance. Without careful interpolation (particularly where the beds pinch out) a variety of curious artifacts appear. I hope to find time to use the experience of making the qdome model to make a tutorial lesson on interpolation. A refinement to the model is that within a certain subvolume the time t(x,y,z) is given a small additive constant. This gives a fault along the edge of the subvolume. Ray Abma defined the subvolume for me in the qdome model. The fault looks quite realistic, and it is easy to make faults of any shape, though I wonder how they would relate to realistic fault dynamics. Figure  shows a top view of the 3-D qdome model and components of its LOMOPLAN.

Notice that the cross-line spacing has been chosen to be double the in-line spacing. Evidently a consequence of this, in both Figure  and Figure , is that the Gaussian dome is not so well suppressed on the crossline cut as on the in-line cut. By comparison, notice that the horizontal bedding above the dome is perfectly suppressed, whereas the dipping bedding below the dome is imperfectly suppressed.

qdometoco90
Figure 9
Left is a horizontal slice through the 3-D qdome model. Center is the in-line component of the LOMOPLAN. Right is the cross-line component of the LOMOPLAN. Press button for volume view.

Finally, I became irritated at the need to look at two output volumes. Because I rarely if ever interpreted the polarity of the LOMOPLAN components, I formed their sum of squares and show the single square root volume in Figure .

qdometora90
Figure 10
Left is the model. Right is the magnitude of the LOMOPLAN components in Figure . Press button for volume view.

Next: 3-D SPECTRAL FACTORIZATION Up: GRADIENT ALONG THE BEDDING Previous: Definition of LOMOPLAN in
Stanford Exploration Project
4/27/2004