The stationary phase method is an approach for solving integrals analytically by evaluating the integrands in regions where they contribute the most. This method is specifically directed to evaluating oscillatory integrands, where the phase function of the integrand is multiplied by a relatively high value. In our case, this value corresponds to the frequency and thus our approximation is asymptotically exact as the frequency approaches .
Integrals of the form
are approximated asymptotically Zauderer (1989) when by