I have reviewed the basic steps to trace rays in layered transversely
isotropic models. Special emphasis was made on the calculation
of the angle of the transmitted phase as a function of the ray parameter
of the incident phase. When the angle of incidence is small,
I use a procedure to estimate the angle of the transmitted phase
different from when the angle of incidence is large.
In the later case the transmitted phase angles
are calculated from the roots of a four order polynomial in the tangent
of the angle (for *P* and *SV* waves)
and analytically for *SH* waves. The appropriate root
must reproduce the *p* of the incident phase for the given wave type,
producing a ray in the desired direction.

This algorithm is used in a separate paper (Michelena, 1992) to do anisotropic traveltime tomography in layered media with strong velocity contrasts.

Figure 8

11/18/1997