Figure shows the ADCIG after one, five and ten non-linear iterations. The first iteration attenuates the strongest residual multiples (compare panel (a) of Figure with panel (c) of Figure ).
Subsequent iterations further reduce the residual multiples. Also, although hard to see in the hard copy, the primary energy that contaminated the estimate of multiples below 3000 m has been mapped back to the primaries. Figure shows the corresponding results for the multiples. Notice again that the residual primary energy has been severely attenuated.
As a final example, consider the problem of separating ground-roll from body waves in land data. This a more challenging application of our implementation of the algorithm because the signal has curvature that changes rapidly with both offset and time so to match it we need small filters in relatively small patches. The ground-roll, on the other hand, has little global curvature (although it may have strong local curvature due to aliasing) and matching it is more successful with large filters in large patches. Figure shows the original shot as well as the initial estimates of the body waves and the ground-roll.
The ground-roll estimate was computed simply by high-cut filtering the data to 24 Hz using a Butterworth filter with six poles. We allowed significant energy from the body waves to leak into the estimate of the ground-roll to illustrate the problem described in the previous paragraph. Similarly, the estimate of the body waves was computed by low-cut filtering the data to 18 Hz also with a Butterworth filter with 6 poles. Since we don't want to reduce the low frequency components of the signal too much, we allowed strong ground-roll to leak into the estimate of the body waves. The purpose is to eliminate this ground-roll without hurting the signal and ideally, mapping back some of the body-waves from the estimate of the ground-roll.
Figure shows the estimate of the body-waves after one, five and 20 non-linear iterations of the proposed algorithm. Even after just the first iteration, most of the ground-roll has been eliminated and after five iterations it is almost gone. For this example we used just two patches in time and one in offset. Figure shows similar results for the ground-roll. Since the patches were so large, the energy of the leaked body-waves were only slightly attenuated (see the reflector at about 1.7 secs). This energy was mapped back to the estimate of the body-waves.