We run plane-wave migration in both Cartesian and tilted coordinates. We generate 200 plane-wave sources in total, and the take-off angles at the surface range from to . Since we do not run multiple attenuation, the images are contaminated by the multiples.
Figure shows the velocity model of the left rugose salt body. Figures and show the images. Figure is obtained by downward continuation, and Figure is obtained by plane-wave migration in tilted coordinates. In Figure , the image of the top of the salt is not continuous. Some parts of the top are almost vertical and are lost in the downward continuation. This image captures only the bottom of the two canyons, and loses their flanks. Downward continuation also loses the steep salt flanks in the multi-valued area. These losses make picking the salt difficult. In contrast, plane-wave migration in tilted coordinates images the salt body very well and makes salt picking easier.
Figure shows the velocity model of the right salt body. Figures and show the images. Figure is obtained by downward continuation, and Figure is obtained by plane-wave migration in tilted coordinates. Downward continuation loses the flanks of the top part of the salt. Due to overturned waves, downward continuation also loses the right leg and the center part of the left leg. In contrast, plane-wave migration images most parts of the salt flanks and the two legs. Hence, it is much easier to interpret the salt body from Figure .