Figure shows the first of equations (4), that is the expression for the full-aperture angle as a function of and the velocity ratio, . Remember that for the converted-mode case, is related to the geologic dip (equation (12), but it's not the dip itself. In order to understand better the previous plot, we take a look at Figure . This figure is a cut along on Figure (dotted line) and it's compared against the conventional approach, which is equals the partial derivative of depth with respect to offset. If we omit the contribution of and , we introduce a considerable error in the transformation from SODCIGs into ADCIGs for the converted-mode case.
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Figure 4 Full-aperture angle () as a function of and , from the first of equation (4). |
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Figure 5 Difference between the conventional approach for (solid line) versus the transformation with the correction for and (dotted line). This is a cut for on Figure . |
The first of equations (4) establishes a relationship between and the partial derivative of depth with respect to offset. We derive this relation following a wave-equation approach. Appendix A shows that we can arrive at the same conclusion following an integral summation approach. Figure summarizes both approaches. This figure presents two surfaces, both of them correspond to . The color surface represents the computation with the integral summation approach (Appendix B); and the black surface represents the computation with the wave-equation approach (equation (4)). Both surfaces have a perfect match, this strongly suggests that equations (4) is accurate, and must be followed for an appropriate transformation from SODCIGs into ADCIGs for converted-mode seismic.
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Figure 6 Wave-equation approach compared with Integral summation approach. Both of them arrive to the same surface. |