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Point source

The traditional boundary condition for the source wavefield extrapolation with the one-way wave equation Claerbout (1985) can be written as follows:  
 \begin{displaymath}

D({\bf x},z=0;\omega)=W(\omega)\delta( {\bf x}- {\bf x}_s),
\end{displaymath} (1)
where $D({\bf x},z=0;\omega)$ is the source wavefield at the surface, $W(\omega)$ is the wavelet, and $\delta( {\bf x}- {\bf x}_s)$ is an impulse at the shot position ${\bf x}_s$. Although kinematically correct, Claerbout's scheme fails to provide the correct wavefield amplitudes.



Stanford Exploration Project
5/23/2004