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Since in the conventional surface seismic experiment, geophones are located only at the surface, the data is the receiver wavefield at *z*=0. This can be represented in equation (9) as a truncation operation (transpose of zero padding ):

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(11) |

Then the expression for linear shot-profile modeling one-way wave equation operator is
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(12) |

a chain of linear operators.

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Stanford Exploration Project

5/23/2004