To investigate whether reflected events are dispersive, I transform hyperbolas (from a CMP gather this time, not from a shot gather) into straight lines using a T2 - X2 stretch. Linear event slopes will correspond to RMS velocities. I then apply the previously described algorithm for transforming the gather into an easy-to-pick (velocity, frequency) panel.
In practice, however, transforming to T2 - X2 coordinates then slant stacking is equivalent to summing along hyperbolic paths - a bare-bones Radon transform with no amplitude corrections. This cuts the cost in half and is the way I implemented it. Similar hyperbolic Radon transforms were used in velocity analysis, but they have been replaced in common practice by semblance panels. To obtain a semblance panel, instead of summing along hyperbolas, a statistical measure of coherence is computed along them. Feeding such a semblance panel into the dispersion analysis flow did not show improvement. The mathematics of the McMechan and Yedlin (1980) method seem to be geared towards actual summations along velocity-dependent paths. Deconvolution (which usually improves velocity analysis) did not result in visible changes either, which means that predictive deconvolution with the same filter for all traces in the dataset did not affect dispersion.
The results (bandpassed to eliminate DC components) are presented in Figure . Dispersion curves are much less visible than in the case of surface waves, but this may be because the number of reflections in the left panel of Figure is considerably greater than the number of distinct linear events in the left panel of Figure . This may lead to mutually destructive interference in the dispersion analysis panel. The inferable trend does not warrant a variation in velocity of more than 100m/s across the reflection seismic frequency spectrum. These conclusions from a single Mississippi Delta 2-D line cannot be generalized to all seismic reflection data. However, I did not find any literature or anecdotal evidence pointing to variations in body wave velocity of more than 100 m/s across the useful reflection seismic frequency range.