Subsalt imaging by target-oriented wavefield least-squares migration: A 3-D field-data example |

where is the reflectivity model, and is the migrated image

(2) |

where denotes taking the adjoint, is the vector of observed primaries, and is the Born modeling operator, which models only singly scattered waves. In equation 1, is the Hessian operator, which contains all necessary information, including information of acquisition geometry, velocity model and frequency content of seismic waves, for correcting the effects of distorted illumination. The second term in equation 1 is a regularization term that incorporates user-defined model covariance into the inversion, and determines the strength of the regularization. Objective function can be minimized with any iterative solver, such as the conjugate gradient method. The most important components in minimizing are the explicit calculation of the Hessian operator and the definition of the regularization term . In the subsequent subsections, we first demonstrate how to calculate the Hessian efficiently in 3-D. Then we discuss how to incorporate dip constraints into the inversion and solve it as a preconditioning problem.

Subsalt imaging by target-oriented wavefield least-squares migration: A 3-D field-data example |

2011-05-24