The permanent ocean-bottom array at the Valhall field in Norway provides an excellent source of
passive seismic data to test what might be accomplished with seismic interferometry. The array,
installed in 2003 (Kommedal et al., 2004), can record data for long periods in all
weather conditions. The subsurface structure is well known, both from numerous wells and from
seismic imaging. During periods without active seismic acquisition at Valhall, there is abundant
passive energy in the data over a wide range of frequencies.
Previous attempts to synthesize omnidirectional point sources at conventional seismic exploration
frequencies (3-60 Hz) failed at Valhall (Artman, 2007; Landes et al., 2009), so passive data will not
replace active data in the higher frequencies ranges there. However, at lower frequencies (0.18-1.75 Hz),
omnidirectional virtual Scholte-wave sources have been successfully generated (Bussat and Kugler, 2009; Dellinger and Yu, 2009; Dellinger et al., 2010).
We process three passive datasets from the Valhall permanent array in Norway, generate virtual
Scholte-wave source gathers using seismic interferometry, and then use these sources to image the
shallow structure using eikonal traveltime tomography (Lin et al., 2009). Finally, we compare
our results to the P-wave velocity structure at Valhall as determined from active data (Sirgue et al., 2010).
Ambient seismic noise eikonal tomography for near-surface imaging at Valhall